Safety First, because it matters!

We, the residents of this Grand City of Mumbai have ignored poor civic infra far too much to end up witnessing horrific incidents and cry foul only after they occur. Does any of this make us stop and wonder how safe we really are? The answer is never clear. We may not have the same threats as another megapolis of our country where after dark it is a world to fear. Comparatively, we are on safer on our roads but what about inside the walls? That is where our city implodes. Circa 2015 a bunch of 8 young students went out for a lunch and 7 got burnt to death at a Chinese eatery in Kurla (West), the cause of fire? A short circuit along with gas leakage blasted the air-conditioning in the room that was by-the-way AN ILLIGAL floor. The unfortunate students got trapped as the flimsy stairs leading up to the room was completely destroyed by the fire leaving them in there to get charred beyond recognition! This was a restaurant with an entire floor extended without permissions, licenses whatsoever right under the nose of administration. How does this happen? Who allows these illegal structures to exist? Probably the scarcity of space and time and most importantly citizens disconcern hence the perpetrators knew that no one would care!

Christmas week 2017, patrons are brimming to packed tens of restaurants at the famous Kamala Mills Compound in Lower Parel area of South Mumbai where at a popular rooftop club fire broke out so wild within minutes it spread across to the next one – combine they resulted in the deaths of 14 people and material losses in crores. The technical investigation report of the Mumbai Fire Brigade found the fire started due to ‘flying embers’ from a hookah. Just like the earlier mentioned case, here too the administration knew that the place is unsafe and risky, yet they allowed it to operate in those combustible conditions. Owners of these places make null claims to be focused on customer experience, what about customer safety? what safety standards do these high flying eateries follow? Have they even heard of NFPA96, global guidelines on making commercial kitchens safe? Offcourse not! but again they knew, people wouldn’t care!

The doom doesn’t end at private premises, barring the acts of rain Gods even if we take the incident of stampede that broke out at the Prabhadevi railway station (formerly known as Elphinstone Station) Now this public facility was originally built by the Great Indian Peninsula Railway in 1913 and kept adding platforms and foot over bridges till around 1972 when the locality was mostly dotted with textile mills, and have never been overhauled to handle crowds that began ballooning since the 1990s. Unlike restaurant fire where multiple reasons could be debated, here it is pure negligence by railway administration who was far too long sitting on specifically allocated budgets for an upgrade of this very bridge in question. Ignoring public outcry, stacks of formal grievance letters, social media tweets about the stress on the bridge due to overpopulation, finally those voices died unheard. Why? because they knew, people wouldn’t care (at least not for too long in this case)

SO what next, does clamping down on few eateries, suspending officials or Army being called to build a new bridge equals to permanent change?

AS students, what can we do?

When administration turns a blind eye to such hard-pressing issues and puts so many lives at risk, we surely need to raise our collective voice in smaller ways to bring change. When it comes to restaurants we should avoid ones without proper emergency exits, where you see no fire systems or if you find the place visibly stuffy and unsafe. Not suggesting you become cynical but when it is a matter of life, there’s nothing wrong with being safe than sorry. If we stop patronizing such restaurants, the owners of those places will be forced to make safer arrangements within their infrastructure. In case of Public infra let’s trend those #HashTags and @mentions to call in the attention of highest authorities. Such awareness drives in Digital India must go viral to spread the words faster than those fires.

Rather than accepting conditions as they are, take actions where and when needed.

Be a responsible citizen and for your sake – do care!!!

Students of the year

Prakash College has always been a launch pad for the winners, this is because we never kept our teachings limited to textbooks and we push our students to experience and grow in sports, other extracurricular activities as these are as important aspects of student life as academics. Our students take part in a plethora of academic, cultural, competitive activities including sports which is played at all levels and year on year we have been on a medal winning-spree.

In 2017 one of our brightest students; Smit Dharamshi became the highest scorer in CET from the entire state of Maharashtra which is an exponential growth in the academic win from last year when Tanmay Borade another Prakashian topped CET in Mumbai. The applausable performances of our students are not limited only in CET examinations.

In many colleges, combat sports are sidelined by other more popular sports but we consider them as something essential for a competitive life and we pass on the same beliefs to our students. To prove us right, Chirag Salvi Won 2 Gold Medals in 2 different weight categories at the Inter Collegiate Judo Tournament. In the Divisional Level Boxing Tournament organized by Government of Maharashtra, Shivam Vishwakarma, Anuj Yadav, Pankaj Yadav, Rupin Singh, Divya Yadav and Dipti Nikate from our college won 4 gold medals along with one silver and bronze. Another 4 gold medals became entitled to our college because Pratik Shirke participated and aced in 7th National Field Archery Tournament 2017-18.

Like sports and academics, we also support our students in embracing the artist in them and we encourage them whenever they get a chance to express their performing skills. At this year’s St. Mathew’s intercollegiate event ‘Yuva fest’, Pandey Bramahadat got 1st prize in mono acting. Suraj received 1st prize for his moves in a Solo dance competition. In the Group dance, Anjali Kakdekar, Bhavna Bane, Yogini Muchmdi and Mayuri Gowade won the 2nd prize.

It’s true that it is not about winning but taking part and enjoying the process. But the unique feel of an adrenalin rush when you train hard, discipline and focusing on bettering yourself at the same time dreaming about the alpha version of you, a version that cannot be defeated by the rest. And when the time finally comes to prove your mettle you see that dream turning into reality and your performance dwarfing everyone else. Alas, you get the due recognition of being the best.
What is common between Satya Nadela of Microsoft, Sunder Pichai of Google and Shantanu Narayen of Adobe? These are few of many CEO’s of Indian origin who were once regular students in Indian Education System who studied tirelessly, planned their future paths well and achieved dizzying heights. They are the living examples of an old adage that if we work hard enough we can achieve anything in this world.

However, in a student’s life, there are equally important aspects in which he/she needs to excel too, which is to contribute towards the society at large. Prakash College started its NSS group to establish a meaningful link between the college campus and the community. Over the years, it has expanded both quantitatively and qualitatively. The NSS (National Service Scheme) unit has been very active in social service and offers the opportunity to the students for personality development and self-growth. The group is lead by the students themselves. It gives them a sense of leadership and responsibility. We are proud to say that our NSS students and their teachers proactively take part in activities like tree plantation, blood donation camp, the recently held Aids Awareness drive and many such events around the year.

We congratulate all our winners and we hope you continue to carry this same winning attitude all through your life.
We would like to thank our management team as they are the ones who carry all the tasks in the background to make sure our college operates smoothly like a well oiled machine.

Lastly, none of this would be possible without our deep-rooted legacy of Guru-Sheeshya and we thank our educators, trainers, coaches and all other faculties on behalf of you students here to help mold you into a great generation of achievers.

Time to act, pollution is closer than you imagine!

Anything in excess is a poison. – Theodore Levitt

We thought there is still some time for us to start taking air pollution seriously, but the toxic dark clouds responsible for millions of deaths globally every year has already reached the doorsteps of our capital. Even the levels of air pollution in our Mumbai city are very concerning, The AQI (Air Quality Index) is hovering between 150 to 300 units, an AQI of above 200 is considered to be poor which means we are more prone to respiratory diseases than ever before. Delhi with an alarming AQI level of 491 is amongst the first state which is paying for its negligence and it surely is not the last if we continue to pollute the way we do. If you are not worried by this then think about wearing the anti-pollution mask every time you step out of the house or imagine every selfie that you take will have a smoky background.

Are we too late? No, not if we decide to work together and take drastic measures.

Although we cannot turn our clock back on over 200 years of industrialization that contributed in excess to damage the environment by releasing dangerous gases neither we can decrease the number of pollution-emitting automobiles and airplanes, however, there are few things we can do…

Say you have this long idle weekend ahead and not much to do?”The how about dirtying your hands a bit? you could participate in a tree plantation drive. As you know trees absorb pollutant gases like nitrogen oxides, ammonia, sulfur dioxide and filters the air. At Prakash College, our NSS wing carries out regular tree plantation drives. You can do the same, just create your own WhatsApp group with likeminded buddies and head outdoors to make a difference. You may not necessarily find a tree plantation drive near you but you can always organize your own. If you need any help feel free to contact our NSS volunteers, they will be happy to guide you.
We have reached a time when it is important for us to introspect our contribution by any kind of unnecessary or arbitrary habits such as bursting of firecrackers at any given occasion, burning heaps of dry leaves or garbage in our societies, as all these eventually sums up and causes a major spike on the pollution index that takes days and weeks to get cleared and in this 21st century it is a big challenge to deal with for any government.

Individually speaking the vehicles we drive around in is one of the topmost contributors to air pollution. While we are unable to stop using them altogether but we can certainly try to minimize our dependencies. Get into a habit of carpooling, best is to walk to your destination if it isn’t too far, which may seem discomforting at first but sooner than later you will get used to it. Try to opt for public transport whenever possible, it will not only improve your cardiovascular health but also give enough time to read or get some productive work done in transit, no parking woes, low maintenance cost and allows you to meet interesting people. Even if you need your own vehicle as a primary mode of transport just make sure it is well maintained and of latest emission standards. If possible, consider using the bicycle as an alternative to other vehicles whenever you can.

We urge our fellow Prakashians, Mumbaikars, and Countrymen to pledge their support by implementing above suggestions or anything else you can do to control air pollution.
It might not seem much but believe us, you will be helping your future generations in a big way.

How do Millennials like to celebrate their Diwali versus Gen X

It is during the moment of occasions and festivities when we see families and friends come together leaving behind their otherwise hectic lives for a while. Deepavali is one such exceptionally popular Hindu festival of India which is celebrated across the lengths and breaths of our country. The festival of Diwali is celebrated to summon more and more love and prosperity in homes. It is celebrated every year either in the month of November or October and this year Deepawali falls on the 19th of October 2017. Begins on the eighth day of the auspicious month of Kartika and continues until the final day is celebrated as Bhai-Dooj, a festival that celebrates the bond between brothers and sisters.

The two major genesis, Generation X and Millennials are hurling the celebrations today so let us see how their celebration styles differ. While Generation X are referred to as people born between 60’s & 70’s (age group of 45 – 60 yrs) and the Millennials are born between 1982 – 2004 are not just important, they are in the prime of life and highly acquisitive. Their ages fall be-tween18-34.They are one of the biggest segments of the population.

Traditionally, Deepavali meant to be a festival of lighting earthen lamps with cotton wicks. In most parts of the country the tradition of earthen lamps has gradually faded away but still, the concept of lights remains unchanged. Diwali in the school days, meant a break from school, time to feast, stitch new clothes, buy toys and catch up with your loved ones.

But today with better pays one can afford to enjoy the luxury of buying branded clothes, electronic appliances, gadgets, designer furniture etc… throughout the year rather than wait for the festivals to make such purchases. Festivals have skewed towards flaunting your riches in society more satiated with power, fame, and wealth. Diwali in this day is popularly a two-day well-organised occasion with bright attires and celebrated within an individual’s preferred social circles be it family, community or peer work network. On these joyous days, exchange of gifts, confectionaries, and play cards (gambling) are given utmost importance. Gambling sessions ramp up as the major traditional ritual during Diwali just like gold buying which typically peaks up during occasions of Dhanteras and Akshay Tritiya prior to Diwali.

With the new generation influencing trends, there is a considerable change in gifting and celebration styles over the last few years. Trending gift category includes quirky and innovative items such as hampers, lamps, crockery and much more. With the latest gadgets and gear, there is no question that millennials like to be connected. The younger generation of urban shoppers is tempted by other products. As a result, gold is competing with designer and luxury designer clothes and ubiquitous smartphones.

Millennials want to feel connected both emotionally and digitally, they love to discover products on their smartphones.79% of them have discovered new brands, products or services on their smartphones. It’s not very surprising when you consider that Millennials check their smartphones approximately 150 times a day. Like Millennials, Gen X is addicted to smartphones but it favors emails and online search to discover new products

As with everything else the passage of time, the advent of globalization and a booming economy has had an impact on the way of our festivals celebrations today. It is not usual to have four generations of a family celebrating Diwali together. The sea of differences between the oldest and the newest generations indeed points out to a paradigm shift in the Indian culture.

In fact, Gen X is stuck between a generation that won’t retire and give up access to the C-suite, and a generation that is being touted as the ‘’Next Big Thing’’.

Smit Dharamshi, A Prakashian, is the state topper at the CET 2017


All of us at Prakash College are extremely happy with the CET results this year as Smit Dharamshi has topped the state along with another boy. He has secured the highest marks in the Maharashtra Common Entrance Test which is the common entrance examination for engineering and pharmacy. He has got 197 marks out of 200 and he shares his credit with the ability and motivation of his teachers at Prakash College.
We met him after the results were out and he seemed to be in a relaxed and happy mindset. So we asked him some questions hoping it will motivate other students studying in Prakash College and other colleges.


Congratulations on your outstanding performance in CET 2017, Are you surprised?
I am not really surprised as it was my goal to top the CET. And I have worked very hard for it. I have solved umpteen question papers and have toiled day and night for it. And now when I know that I have realised my dreams it makes me amazingly happy.


What are the key factors behind your spectacular success in CET 2017?
Hard work and motivation from my teachers and family.


Would you like to share a little about your family? How supportive were your family members in your preparation phase?
My family has been extremely supportive and the most important factor was that they had immense faith in me and knew that I could achieve this goal of mine. They have helped me in every possible way.


Which field of Engineering would you like to pursue your career? and why?
I would like to take up mechanical engineering. I have a natural inclination towards machines and would love to create new machines for the future generation.


According to you, what was the overall difficulty level of the exam? Which subject was the easiest and which was the toughest?
Since I solved many sample papers, the question papers seemed not that difficult to me. But I am sure those who didn’t prepare well would have found it difficult. I love maths and hence found it easiest and in my opinion this year the physics paper was tough.


This year, there has been a lot of confusion surrounding poor performance by over 70% who appeared for CET 2017. Why do you think majority didn’t quite scale up?
In my opinion it could be the distractions around us and the inability to focus due to the distractions that our generation faces. And yes, there is no shortcut for hard work.


What are your hobbies? How often could you pursue them?
I love swimming and playing badminton. I was regularly swimming and playing  badminton even when I was preparing as they act as a stress buster and helped me focus better.


At prakash college any particular faculty you would like to partner in your success? 
I would like share credit with all my teachers. They have worked hard with me and never flinched from explaining something twice or as many times as I would ask them. Without them, their motivation and positive outlook I wouldn’t have been seeing this day.


Would you like to share with Prakashians any particular strategy or any planning while facing the CET exam?
Yes, focus is very important and hard work. Once you learn something, try and answer as many question papers as possible. And keep an eye on time. Time management is key.


What are your future goals? 
I wish to pursue mechanical engineering. And I would not like to disclose any other details at the moment.


The Principal of Prakash College Mrs. Dhanshri Mota is very pleased with this result. And recognises the efforts of the teachers as well. She is even more pleased as in 2015 another Prakashianm, Tanmay Borade, had topped CET in Mumbai. And Smit Dharamshi has taken it one step forward. The successive achievement gives him immense pleasure and he is all set to motivate the next batch to do even better.

Check out this news in Media:

1)Times of India:

2) Maharashtra Times:

3) Loksatta:


The stream you choose after XIIth is what is going to decide which career path you will go on. Though this is a very difficult choice to make, it really is the most important one you make. There will be a lot of factors that will steer you into one particular stream and then later in life on a successful career journey. These factors could be family background like if you come from a business family or from a family of doctors then there will be an additional pressure to continue the family legacy. Another factor is guidance from elders in the family. Economic background is another deciding factor, though there are enough student loans that can help you achieve your dreams. But the most important factor is your personal interest and aptitude.

Do take an aptitude test beforehand to gauge your skill set and what kind of job you will be most suited for. These aptitude tests are available at colleges and even online. Then ensure you keep your aptitude and interest and look for a stream that will give you enough opportunities to grow in your career.

We have enlisted the kind of courses available after XIIth std for your benefit. Read about them, keep your aptitude in mind and then carve a career path for yourself. Discuss this with your family and mentally prepare them for all the hardships you will be putting up with.



After finishing XIIth science stream, one may go for undergraduate B.E. or B.Tech. Engineering program. The course duration is 4 years. After B.E./B.Tech., one may also go for M.E./M.Tech., which is master degree course in Engineering. M.E./ M.Tech. program lasts for 2 years. Some of the prominent branches of Engineering are-

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Computer Science Engineering
  • IT Engineering
  • IC Engineering
  • EC Engineering
  • Electronics Infrastructure Engineering
  • Motorsport Engineering
  • Metallurgy Engineering
  • Textile Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Marine Engineering
  • Engineering
  • Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering
  • Petroleum Engineering
  • Aeronautical Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Automobile Engineering
  • Mining Engineering
  • Biotechnology Engineering
  • Genetic Engineering
  • Plastics Engineering
  • Food Processing and Technology
  • Agricultural Engineering
  • Dairy Technology and Engineering
  • Agricultural Information Technology
  • Power Engineering
  • Production Engineering
  • Naval Architecture


Those were some of the well known Engineering branches. One may pursue any of the above mentioned courses after 12th Science. Biotechnology Engineering is one such course that both Mathematics and Biology group students may pursue.




When it comes to B.Sc. program, the course duration is 3 years. After graduation, one may go for PG course- M.Sc. It lasts for 2 years. Some good B.Sc. courses are-


  • B.Sc. Agriculture
  • B.Sc. Horticulture
  • B.Sc. Forestry
  • B.Sc. IT
  • B.Sc. Computer Science
  • B.Sc. Chemistry
  • B.Sc. Mathematics
  • B.Sc. Physics
  • B.Sc. Hotel Management
  • B.Sc. Nautical Science
  • B.Sc. Electronics
  • B.Sc. Electronics and Communication
  • B.Sc. Biotechnology
  • B.Sc. Aviation
  • B.Sc. Animation and Multimedia


The beauty associated with B.Sc. program is that many top Universities offer attractive scholarships for meritorious students! Also, when B.Sc. is followed up with M.Sc., one may build a good career in Research and Development field!




B.C.A. stands for Bachelor of Computer Applications. Like B.Sc., B.C.A. too is a 3 years long course. This course focuses on Computers, software and applications, programming languages etc.

After getting B.C.A. Degree, one may also go for PG course – M.C.A. It is a Master program and lasts 2 years. Talking about job opportunities, one may find jobs in both private as well as Government sectors. But private sector chips in with more job opportunities! Especially IT MNCs recruit B.C.A. Graduates in large numbers! One may also venture into the teaching profession after doing M.C.A.!



The most sought after course, in case of Biology group students. The duration of this course is five and a half years. Academic duration is four and a half years. This is followed by an internship that lasts a year. So, combining them together, the duration of MBBS program turns out to be 5.5 years!

As we all know, becoming a Doctor is not too easy. First of all, getting an MBBS seat in a private or Government College is a very difficult task. Then, the course is also not too easy!


Still, doing MBBS and following it up with PG course will help you build a rewarding career. Healthcare business is booming and the demand for well qualified Doctors is expected to shoot up in the future. One may get job in Government or private sectors. Also, opening one’s own Clinic is also a good option!


BDS stands for Bachelor of Dental Surgery. The course duration is 5 years. Of those 5 years, classroom studies make up 4 years. 1 year is dedicated towards internship!


Pharmacy course is all about the pharmaceutical sector. It deals with topics such as making medicines, chemicals involved in making of medicines, uses of medicines etc. This course is 4 years long.

After completing B.Pharm., one may follow it up with the Master’s Degree- M.Pharm.! Talking about job opportunities, Pharmaceutical companies are the prime job providers. One may also get job in hospitals that hire chemists. Government sector jobs are also available for graduates, such as- in Government hospitals, as an Officer in the Drugs department etc.

Opening one’s own shop is another option! A combination of B.Pharm. and M.Pharm. can also ensure you a job in Research sector as well as teaching sector!


.A.M.S. stands for Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery. If you want to become an Ayurveda Doctor, B.A.M.S. course is for you! The course duration is five and a half years. Four and a half years are dedicated towards classroom courses and rest 1 year towards internship.



Pharm.D. is a unique course! Its name may sound similar to Pharmacy course. But it has got more to it than just the elements of Pharmacy program!

Pharm.D. can be said to be a mixture of B.Pharm., M.Pharm. as well as MBBS! Yes, this course got elements from all the above mentioned courses!

This obviously means that the course duration will be pretty long, thanks to the enormous amount of study material that it consists of. The course duration is 6 long years!

But job opportunities and career prospects are excellent! One may work abroad after doing this course. Pharm.D. Graduates are valued more in Western Countries than they are valued in India.



In Healthcare sector, the demand for well trained and qualified nurses is huge! The demand is increasing with time, but the supply, the number of qualified nurses graduating each year, is not satisfying this demand! In short, qualified nurses are well valued and are rewarded well for their service!

B.Sc. Nursing course is 3 years long. It can be followed up with an M.Sc. Degree. There is a notion that this course is meant exclusively for girls. But it is not true at all! Male candidates too may pursue it.

Ample amounts of jobs are available in both Private as well as Government sectors. Private as well as Government Hospitals are keen to recruit well qualified nurses!



B.H.M.S. stands for Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery. This course deals with Homeopathic medicines and procedures in detail. The course duration is five and a half years.

What makes this course valuable is the fact that there are still many people who rely on Homeopathic medication and treatment. So, finding job in Private hospitals won’t be a problem for B.H.M.S. Graduates.



Physiotherapy professionals are well valued in Healthcare sector. They are required to help patients recover and rehabilitate from muscular injuries and physical injuries through non surgical methods.

The course duration is four and a half years. 4 years are dedicated towards classroom studies and practical lessons. 6 months are dedicated towards internship.

Talking about career prospects, after graduation, one may take up job of a physiotherapist in private as well as Government hospitals. One may also start one’s own venture.



Some other 3 years long B.Sc. courses that PCB group students may pursue are-

  • B.Sc. Biochemistry
  • B.Sc. Biology
  • B.Sc. Physics
  • B.Sc. Chemistry
  • B.Sc. Environmental Science
  • B.Sc. Biotechnology
  • B.Sc. Nursing
  • B.Sc. Occupational Therapy
  • B.Sc. Physiotherapy
  • B.Sc. Radiology
  • B.Sc. Bioinformatics
  • B.Sc. Anthropology
  • B.Sc. Microbiology
  • B.Sc. Zoology
  • B.Sc. Forensic Science
  • B.Sc. Agriculture
  • B.Sc. Pathology
  • B.Sc. Speech Therapy
  • B.F.Sc. (Fisheries Science)
  • B.Sc. Horticulture
  • B.Sc. Genetics
  • B.Sc. Health Science and Nutrition
  • B.Sc. Sports Science
  • B.Sc. Audiology
  • B.Sc. Botany
  • B.Sc. Operation Theatre Technology
  • B.Sc. Anaesthesia and Operation Theatre Technology
  • B.Sc. Medical Laboratory Technology


BUMS stands for Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery. It is a 4½ years long professional course. After completing the course, Graduate must also do an unpaid internship lasting a duration of 1 year. Thus, it takes 5½ years to complete this course!

Students who are unable to get admission in courses like MBBS, BDS and BAMS may take up this course. On completing it, they will get the tag of Doctor!


BASLP stands for Bachelor of Audiology Speech Language Pathology. It is a course that focuses on Audiology, hearing disorders, auditory systems, speech language therapy, hearing implants etc. It is a 4 years long course. After completing the course, Graduates will have to do a 1 year long Internship program. Thus, in total, it takes 5 years to complete this course.

After completing the course, Graduates will be able to find a job in the following sectors- marketing of hearing implants, rehabilitation clinics (for people suffering from hearing disorders), Clinics and Hospitals, Special Schools and Educational Institutes (for children suffering from hearing disorders) and Hearing aid manufacturing industries.



B.Arch. stands for Bachelor of Architecture. Explaining in simple terms, it is a branch that deals with planning and construction of homes, buildings, commercial structures, public utility structures etc.

Duration of B.Arch. course is 5 years. Talking about job opportunities, one may get into MNCs and top players operating in the Construction as well as building sector. Also, if you are creative and passionate, you may also start up on your own, planning, designing and creating homes and small projects. Gradually, you may climb the ladder and branch out onto bigger ventures!



Pharmacy course is all about the pharmaceutical sector. It deals with topics such as making medicines, chemicals involved in making medicines, uses of medicines etc. This course is 4 years long.


After completing B.Pharm., one may follow it up with the Master’s Degree- M.Pharm. Talking about job opportunities, Pharmaceutical companies are the prime job providers. One may also get job in hospitals that hires chemists. Government sector jobs are also available for graduates, such as- in Government hospitals, as an Officer in the Drugs department etc.


B.B.A. stands for Bachelor of Business Administration. B.B.A. program’s duration is 3 years. On completion, one may also go for M.B.A. (Master of Business Administration), which lasts for 2 years.



After 12th standard, Mathematics group students may also go for Commercial Pilot training and become a Commercial Pilot! For this, they have to attend a Flight Training school. Please go through this detailed guide that I’ve written regarding Commercial Pilot Training.


The course duration varies from one institute to another! In general, it lasts between 2-3 years. After finishing training, one may land the job of a Ferry pilot or Commercial pilot in Private or Nationalized Airline companies! After retirement, one may also become a trainer. This, according to me is an added advantage that this field offers!



This is a job oriented course that 12th science Mathematics group students may pursue. There are many private institutes offering Diploma as well as certificate programs, when it comes to this course. Duration of the course may vary from one institute to another. But usually, it is between 1-3 years.


Looking from career prospects’ point of view, Merchant Navy is a well rewarding sector! The remuneration is generally high. But the work involved requires hard work and determination.

Talking about Merchant Navy sector, there are various job posts available, like- Marine Engineer, Sailor etc. Based on the job post, there are number of courses available too. Some of the courses are- marine technology and engineering and diploma course to become sailor.


Armed Forces

Yes, this is a good option, but there is an age limit. You have to be 19 years old or younger to appear for NDA (National Defence Academy) exam. You must also have completed your 12th standard exams with A group. If you manage to pass NDA exam and SSB interview, you will get admission in NDA, Pune. You have to do a Bsc course there along with military training and studies. After 3 years in NDA and a year at IMA (Indian Military Academy), you will get a job in Indian Armed forces as an officer.



Apart from the traditional Diploma Engineering programs, there exists many other job oriented Diploma courses too. Some of them are short term and some others last more than a year, when it comes to duration. Some such job oriented Diploma courses that one may pursue after 12th Science stream are-

  • Diploma in Print Media Journalism
  • Diploma in Animation and Multimedia
  • Diploma in Film making, Video production and Editing
  • Diploma in Biotechnology
  • Diploma in Interior Designing
  • Diploma in Jewellery Designing
  • Diploma in Education Technology
  • Diploma in Retail Management
  • Diploma in English Teaching
  • Diploma in Fashion Designing
  • Diploma in Banking and Finance
  • Diploma in Yoga Education
  • Diploma in Event Management
  • Diploma in Pharmacy
  • Diploma in Medical Electronics
  • Diploma in Forestry
  • Diploma in Toxicology
  • Diploma in Fashion Designing
  • Diploma in Journalism and Mass Communication
  • Diploma in Food Science and Nutrition
  • Diploma in Nursing
  • Diploma in General Nursing and Midwifery
  • Diploma in Operation Theatre Technology
  • Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology
  • Diploma in Anaesthesia Technology


Other than the above mentioned Diploma courses, there also exists the traditional technical Diploma engineering courses also. Maths group students, who have less marks may pursue Diploma instead of Degree engineering course. After completing diploma education, they may take admission in Bachelor’s Degree program using the lateral entry scheme. Some traditional technical diploma courses are:-

  • Diploma in Mechanical Engineering
  • Diploma in Electrical Engineering
  • Diploma in Civil Engineering
  • Diploma in Chemical Engineering
  • Diploma in Mining Engineering
  • Diploma in Computer Science Engineering
  • Diploma in Marine Engineering
  • Diploma in EC Engineering
  • Diploma in IC Engineering
  • Diploma in Metallurgy
  • Diploma in Sound Engineering


There are various other good courses like Hotel Management, Fire Safety Technology, Welding Technology and Software/Hardware courses. These courses also offer good job opportunities. Make sure that you get admission in an institute that is approved by the Government. Diploma course to become Air Hostess is another hot course for 12th passed students. Students who wish to have an exciting and adventurous career can opt for this course. The job involves lots of traveling and the pay scale is promising. After retiring from the profession, one can take up secondary jobs in fields related to hospitality. Even males can take up this course since male flight attendants are also in huge demand these days, due to new private airlines opening up. Science stream students are also eligible to pursue courses from other streams also. For example, they are eligible to pursue B.Com., Chartered Accountancy and even relevant B.A. programs also. A list of such courses are as follows-

  • B.Com. (relevant fields like statistics) Pursuing graduation in B.Com. can help you put one step ahead towards Chartered Accountancy (CA), Company Secretaryship (CS) and Cost and Work Accountancy (ICWA).
  • Bachelor of  Social Work
  • Mass Communication and Journalism (B.A. program)
  • Animation and Multimedia (B.A. program)
  • Performing Arts
  • Language Courses (Foreign Languages are promising)
  • Banking and Finance (B.A. program)
  • B.M.S. (Management course)
  • B.B.A.+M.B.A. (Integrated course)
  • Diploma in Film Making and Video Editing
  • Air Hostess/Cabin Crew training course
  • Diploma in Event Management
  • Bachelor of Social Work
  • CA (Chartered Accountancy)
  • CS (Company Secretary Course)
  • CMA (Certified Management Accountant)
  • Actuarial Science
  • Bachelor of Statistics



# Bachelor Programs in Design Field- Science stream graduates who have a flair for designing and fashion can take up any of these design related branches and build a good career. A list of programs that I found interesting are-

  • Bachelor of Design (Fashion Designing)– A well known course being taught in NIFT (National Institute of Fashion Technology), this one is a 4 year long course. The program is much sought after by students interested in designing clothes and apparels. The job prospects are good, when it comes to this particular course. After graduating, one has a wide choice of potential careers to choose from. Some of them are- designers, freelance design consultants, costume designers, illustrators etc. Also, graduates can easily land jobs in MNCs related to clothing line and designer wears.
  • Bachelor of Design (Leather Design)– Like the previous entry, this one is also a 4 year long course. Job opportunities are abundant in this field also. Primarily, this field is associated with designing of leather products, mass manufacturing of it, management of the good, transportation etc.
  • Bachelor of Design (Accessory Designing)– The duration of this course is 4 years long. This field is all about designing high end and innovative designed and crafted accessories, ornaments etc. Not just ornaments, this field also deals with accessories like footwear, interior design goods etc.
  • Bachelor of Design (Textile Design)– 4 years long course. Deals with all aspects associated with the field of textile manufacturing, processing, designing and management. One of the most popular courses offered by NIFT. Graduates will be able to find jobs easily in industries associated with clothes and textile industry.
  • Bachelor of Design (Knitwear Designing)– Knit wear is emerging as the next big thing in the design and textile world. This 4 year long course deals with the fundamentals of knitting and also incorporates knowledge about state of the art methods and equipment too!
  • Bachelor of Design (Fashion Communication)– This is a new course, but surely high on promise and potential. In a nutshell, it is all about merchandising (visual), exhibiting design, fashion journalism etc. Graduates can be expected to get hired by media houses, as a fashion consultant. Graduates can also become chief organizers of fashion events.
  • Animation film Design– A 4 year long course offered by the prestigious NID (National Institute of Design). Graduates of this course can become independent animators, work under big Indian and International media production houses, advertising houses etc. The job scope is promising, when it comes to this particular field.
  • Ceramic and Glass Design– This activity has been practiced by man since ancient times. This 4 year long course offered by NID also imparts ancient techniques as well as state of the art methods also!
  • Furniture and Interior Design– A 4 years long course. Deals with various aspects of designing, manufacturing, processing etc of wooden and other types of furniture and interior designing goodies.
  • Product Design– This field is all about designing useful products or innovating and improving the design of already created products. This 4 year course is all about innovative attitude and making things more useful to mankind by improving its design.



There are many institutes (especially private ones) offering this course. They offer Diploma as well as certificate courses. But try to get admission into premier institutes like CEPT and choose this course.  



Such courses are commonly known and the teachers training course. Usually B.Ed. is the most important course, when it comes to this category of professional courses. And it can be pursued only after graduation. But there also exists some teaching related courses, which can be done right after 12th std. They are-

  • B.El.Ed. (Bachelor of Elementary Education, 4 years long course)
  • Diploma in Elementary Education
  • B.P.Ed. (Bachelor of Physical Education)
  • Primary Teachers Training course (can follow it up with B.Ed.)



After 12th, students are also eligible to pursue management education. BBA (already mentioned) is the most popular choice among students these days. Many undergraduate level management programs are available (both Degree and Diploma). Here are some well known degree courses-

  • B.B.A. (Bachelor of Business Administration)
  • B.M.S. (Bachelor of Management Studies)
  • Integrated B.B.A. + M.B.A. program (5 years duration)
  • B.H.M. (Bachelor of Hotel Management)
  • Retail Management (Diploma)
  • B.B.E. (Bachelor of Business Economics)
  • B.B.S. (Bachelor of Business Studies)
  • B.I.B.F. (Bachelor of International Business and Finance)



Such courses are commonly known and the teachers training course. Usually B.Ed. is the most important course, when it comes to this category of professional courses. And it can be pursued only after graduation. But there also exists some teaching related courses, which can be done right after 12th std. They are-

  • B.El.Ed. (Bachelor of Elementary Education, 4 years long course)
  • Diploma in Elementary Education
  • B.P.Ed. (Bachelor of Physical Education)
  • Primary Teachers Training course (can follow it up with B.Ed.)



To become an Air Hostess, one has to undergo training. There are many private institutes providing Diploma, Degree as well as Certificate Air Hostess training courses. Duration may vary depending upon the program. Generally, it lasts between 1-2 years. If it is a well paying job that you want, Aviation courses like these will be of help.



Event Management course is very job oriented. Certificate, Diploma as well as Degree courses are available, when it comes to Event Management. Course duration varies between 1-3 years, depending upon the program.


Hospitality sector is booming. And with it, the job opportunities associated with this field are also increasing. Degree, Diploma as well a Certificate programs related to Hospitality Management are available as of now. A 4 years long B.H.M. (Bachelor of Hotel Management) course would be the best one among all of those Hospitality courses.


12th Std. students are also eligible to study law from Law schools!


If you have the right set of skills, the field of Animation and multimedia will help you build a successful career. This is a field that requires creativity, if you want to thrive!

Diploma courses lasting 1-2 years are offered by many institutes throughout India. B.Sc. courses related to Animation and Multimedia, lasting 3 years, are also offered by many Institutes across India. 12th passed science stream students may also go for B.A. Animation and Multimedia course. Even though this course is from another stream, science students are eligible to study it.


Institute like NIFT (National Institute of Fashion Technology) is offering 4 year Degree course in Fashion Technology. Also, there are number of private institutes offering Diploma as well as certificate courses too. In those cases, the typical course duration is between 1-2 years. Design related courses too could be pursued by students hailing from both groups- Mathematics and Biology.



Trains one to become a part of the media sector. Typical course offers programs related to news reporting, journalism, photography and video shooting, anchoring, news presenting etc.

Diploma as well as Degree courses are offered by many private Mass Communication institutes. Course duration varies between 1-3 years. Major media houses- print and Digital- offers ample job opportunities. B.A. in Journalism and Mass Communication is another Degree course being offered by many colleges in India.


There are Diploma as well as certificate courses offered by private institutes. Course duration varies, depending upon the program. Usually, they last between 6 months-2 years.

Web development sector is booming. MNCs and small businesses offer good number of job opportunities. One may also start freelancing/start one’s own web designing firm.

Utilise your vacations optimally

A summer vacation is a great time to indulge in doing things you enjoy and utilise this time to learn new things. This break comes after a rigorous exam session hence is even more welcome. There are a number of things that students and parents can do and help the students utilise these two months well.

Here is a set of dos for the students.  

  • Wake up at the usual time, an hour more is also fine. But ensure you do not sleep till half a day. Go for a walk, meet your friends. Play a sport. This will keep you focussed and fit.
  • Read the newspaper regularly. Get into the habit of being updated about the world and happenings. Reading will keep you informed and you will form your own opinions about the events.
  • Find at least five new words every week. Not just in English but also in Hindi and any other language that you speak. This will increase your vocabulary and strengthen your command over the languages you know.
  • If you have a hobby, indulge in it and improve your skills. If you are musically inclined, learn a new instrument. Learn swimming and, even driving.
  • If you think you are weak in any subject, try understanding the basics and improve in that particular subject.
  • Avoid video games or spending too much time on your mobile phone. It’s bad for your eyes and keeps you glued to one place for way too long. Instead try playing scrabble or chess. It will improve your strategic skills and vocabulary.
  • Do a little social service. You may teach your maid or her children. Help your mother with errands
  • Sort out your cupboard and book shelf. Throw away old clothes and give away old books to the needy.
  • If you really wish to idle away your time, do it amidst nature without any gadgets. Observe and discover nature around you.


Parents, here is a list of dos for you.

  • If you can take a short vacation, please take your family out. India is vast and beautiful. The children will also discover their country and take pride in all the resources that we have. And also spend quality time with the family.
  • Do not enrol your children in multiple classes and think that you are utilising their time. Pick and choose a few that they are interested in.
  • Send them to their grandparents’ house or native place. They will connect to the roots better. They will learn to live without you and without wifi as well.
  • Let them help you in household work like arranging their beds, their room. Make them responsible for their rooms. This way you will be inculcating a sense of independence in them. Teach them basic cooking as well.
  • Spend at least an hour talking and discussing with them. Talk about your childhood and aspirations. Talk to them about their ambitions and fears. This is a great time to bond with them.
  • Take them to your office. Let them see how many hours people need to put in to give them a good lifestyle.
  • Ensure they read books and not their course books.
  • Let them bond with their grandparents, cousins and the rest of the family.
  • Ensure you all have at least one meal together that is not in front of the television.

Spend these two months wisely and you will understand and know your own children better. And they too will want to come and talk to you about their issues.

Coping Up With Exam Stress !

Blog on Exam Stress

Examinations are a means to judge your comprehension of the subject. It is a technique that lets you reflect on your understanding and apply the knowledge that you’ve gained in a certain term. Exams are important for the teachers too as they are able to judge how their hard work is faring. But the evaluation metrics and expectations are what add to the stress of students.

In my 15 years of academic experience I have come to understand that there are four basic reasons for this heightened anxiety.

  • Low motivations levels
  • Lack of preparation and planning
  • High expectations from others
  • Competitions from peers

I have also seen that a little stress is always a positive driver. But too much stress may impact you and the results negatively. Hence both the students and parents need to understand a few basic things that will help you both cope with exam stress.

Understand What is Expected

Consult your syllabus or ask your instructor what material you will be tested on. If you know your syllabus, it is easy to prepare. Also remember that your teachers are your best guide. I know that all our teachers are more than pleased to help out any student that seeks guidance.

Take Notes in Class

If you concentrate in class, you will be able to remember most things. And if you’ve taken down notes, then you will remember them even better. Remember not to take a dictation but just jot down the key words and ideas. Reviewing them once at home, will help you remember these ideas for longer.

Manage your Time Wisely

Leaving the entire syllabus for last minute studies is surely inviting exam stress. Break up your study time into chunks over days, or weeks. When you “chunk” your study time over the course of a longer period of time, such as a few days or weeks, you will retain more of the information.

Do Group Studies

Convince your parents for group studies as here you can help each other out. And there is nothing better than explaining an idea to someone. You will only understand and remember the idea better instead of last minute mugging up.

Take Frequent Breaks

Our brains are designed in such a way that we cannot effectively concentrate on one task for very long. In fact, focussing on the same thing for too long diminishes the brain’s ability to accurately process it.

Drink Enough Water

Not drinking enough water can make you feel sluggish and stressed. So have plenty of water while you are studying. Avoid too many cups of coffee or tea. But you may go for herbal tea instead.

Reward your Achievements

After completing a certain chapter or after 2 hours of rigorous studies, play a small game or watch TV for 15-20 minutes or your favourite show. This will act as a motivational carrot that helps you pick up studying after your break.

Relax your Mind

Take your mind off the exam for some time. Go for a short jog or run or a walk around the compound. You may even meditate or listen to soothing music. This keeps your mind relaxed.

Eat Healthy food

Say no to junk or processed food. Munch on nuts or fruits in between meals. For meals try having a balanced meal with proteins, carbohydrates and vitamins.

Sleep Well

Not getting adequate sleep can contribute to feelings of fatigue, stress and anxiety.

Solve Exam Papers from Previous Years

This helps your mind evaluate your understanding of the subject and readies your mind for the kind of questions that appear. But please do not replace solving papers with preparing as sometimes your teachers may give you completely different questions.

These were few pointers that should help you deal with stress during the preparation. But there are a few things that you must do on your exam day to beat the stress:

Eat a Proper Breakfast

Without a proper breakfast your energy levels will quickly crash and may lead to stress, anxiety and fatigue.

Carry Clean Drinking Water

Please carry a bottle of water last thing during exam time is to drink water unhygienic source.

Avoid Coffee or Tea

Caffeine can increase feelings of anxiety and stress. So it is best avoided.

Arrive Early

You may be nervous about the test itself so there is no need for extra stress from fear of being late.

Do Not Compare

You should be aware of what you need to study. Do not listen to your friends who tell you to study something in the last minute. Your mind will not be able to grasp it and will only add to the stress.

Read Instructions Carefully

Before answering any exam questions, figure out exactly what is expected of you. Skim the test to see its content and give yourself a rough idea of how long each question will take to complete. Ambiguity can cause stress, so, by knowing how long the test is, you will reduce your stress.

Keep these in mind when you begin to prepare for an exam and most importantly remember to discuss your anxieties with your parents. They understand you the best and will be able to guide you through the examination period. And keep your stress in check.

My best wishes to all my students !

Smt. Bhavna Gandhi